By Shari Ellmaker and Arielle Gillman
Young readers often get stuck in a particular book genre, especially if they’ve become fond of a series. To expand their palates, Allendale Columbia School’s third grade teachers held a “Book Tasting”, something you can also try at home.
To prepare, we spent some time learning all about a few different genres of texts: biography, fantasy, nonfiction, graphic novel, realistic fiction, and poetry. We also practiced “interviewing” a book to see whether it is a good match for the reader by reading level, interest, etc.
Next, our “Book Taste Testers” entered our classroom restaurant. Their servers, Ms. Gillman and Mrs. Ellmaker, took their requests for an appetizer, an entree, and dessert, and delivered them one at a time. Students sampled the texts and wrote a brief review of each course. By the end of the meal, everyone was full from great books!
Why is reading different genres important for young readers?
Young children love to hear stories read to them over and over again. Many parents encourage their young ones to listen to a different story, but to no avail. Your little one is “feeling like a reader” when they hear predictable text each night. You may notice them “reading” along with you and finishing sentences. They love books with patterns, sound words, and repetitive phrases.
As the children get older, they are more open to different genres. Parents should take this opportunity to explore a new genre. Why?
Students are learning that a genre is a form of text that follows a particular format and structure. Using the word “genre” provides a way for the students to organize and talk about their observations of texts. When a student can identify a genre, they can recognize what they are reading and quickly adjust their reading style. So for example, if they read an article about how to make something, they can read the text at a slower pace in order to follow specific directions. Students will learn information quickly and efficiently when using headings, for example, while reading informational texts.
So, the more children are exposed to different genres, the quicker they will be able to take information and synthesize it for understanding and application. Parents should model reading a variety of genres and spend time reading with and to their children.
How and why should a child “interview” a book?
A reader interviews a book by asking a lot of questions:
- Does the title sound interesting?
- Do I know anything about the author?
- Does the blurb on the back of the book sound interesting?
- Is the book a genre I like to read? (Hint: some books have words like “Mystery”, “Memoir”, or “Fiction” in the corner of the back cover.)
- Did the book win any awards?
- Is the book too hard? Try the beginning and read a page from the middle to decide. Use the “Five Finger Rule” to decide if the book is too hard. Read a random page, put a finger up for each unknown word you encounter. If you reach four or five fingers before the page is finished, it may be too hard. Three may be right and one or two would be too easy.
Setting up a Book Tasting at home is a fun way to get your child interested in different genres and extend your child’s reading range. Have your child help you set up a restaurant-like environment in your kitchen or dining room. Find your favorite apron, table setting, flowers, and notepad to “take the guest’s order.” Use books from your child’s collection and sort them by genre. Begin by serving the child choices from the menu of genres. You can then try swapping roles so the child is the server asking you for different genres you’d like to read. Take some time to interview the book and talk together about your review. By the end of the experience, both you and your young reader will have an appetite for books of all different genres!
Reading Rockets. The Importance of Reading Widely (2010). Retrieved from http://www.readingrockets.org/article/importance-reading-widely.
Kissner, Emily. Using Genre to Help Students Learn from What They Read. Retrieved from http://www.ascd.org/ascd-express/vol5/511-kissner.aspx.
Inquiry By Design, Inc. Setting Up the Literacy Studio (2013).
Sharon EllmakerShari has been an educator for over 26 years, and teaching at Allendale Columbia for 19. She has taught second, third, and fourth grade with experience in public school, suburban, inner-city, independent, and college-level settings. She holds a Bachelor of Arts Degree in Elementary Education from Bluffton University.
Arielle GillmanArielle has been involved in the field of education, either through volunteering, as a college student, or as a teacher, since she was 14 years old. She has taught students in multiple grades in Penfield, Fairport, Webster, and Newark and has also worked at the Mary Cariola Children's Center and The Community Place of Greater Rochester. She received her Bachelor of Science Degree in Childhood Education from SUNY Fredonia and her Master of Science Degree in Literacy Education from SUNY Geneseo.
‘Tis the season for book lists, and for me, they are truly the gifts that keep on giving. I love book lists for both affirmation (That book is awesome; so glad it’s getting some love!) and exploration (Woah! I’ve never even heard of that book; I better check it out!) and I take a lot of pleasure in creating my own list for the AC community. Although many AC children are under the impression that I’ve read all the books in the library, I must confess that I haven’t even read all the books from 2013. However, I have read a lot of book reviews and best-of-the-year lists and as many books as I possibly can, which culminates with my interpretation of The Best Books of 2013. Enjoy!
-Ms. Van Alstyne, Librarian
The complete list can be accessed at the library website. But for starters, here are the cream of the crop.
Celebrating both individual expression and companionship, Mr. Tiger Goes Wild is a joy to read aloud and expertly illustrated. Ages 3 – 8.
Every year, the slew of new holiday books rarely fails to disappoint… until 2013 with Little Santa! Silly and charming, this tale of Santa’s childhood feels like it has always been true. Ages 4 – 9.
Breathtaking watercolors depict the travels of a girl with a magical red crayon, where adventure awaits anyone with a little creativity. Ages 4 – 10.
Why did they quit? They are sick and tired of always being used in predictable ways: blue for sky, green for grass, gray for elephants. A little creativity goes a long way to soothe these irascible crayons. Ages 5 -9.
Not surprising: Jenkins’ outstanding paper collage depictions of animals. Surprisingly awesome: the thematic arrangement; graphs, timelines, and other infographics; a whole section on making books the Jenkins way. A tour de force! Ages 5 – 11
Have you ever wondered why graphic novels (or graphic memoirs, in this case) are taken so seriously these days? When done well, they are a beautiful marriage of art and story, such as in Relish: a warm, funny coming-of-age tale of an artist raised in a foodie family. Ages 12+
Perhaps you’ve read books about orphans, or children on the spectrum, or misfits trying to find a place in the world to fit in. But none of those books had Willow Chance in it. Counting by 7s has Willow Chance in it! She is utterly charming, disarmingly precocious, and apparently a magnet for other lovable misfits. Delightful! Ages 10 – 14
The timeless feel of the small-town setting, elegant writing, very real danger, and the ghost of Jacob Grimm all combine to create an engaging and disturbing contemporary fairy tale. Transporting. Ages 11+
Are you still not sure about graphic novels? If anyone can convince you of their merit, award-winning Gene Luen Yang must be the one. Boxers and Saints are two books telling opposing views of the Boxer Rebellion in China. Brilliantly conceived and expertly realized, this is how history should treat every war: with multiple perspectives, through the lenses of individuals’ perceptions, and showing beauty, honor, and the inevitable costs. Ages 12+
I don’t think it’s possible not to love this book, even if you think you can’t appreciate Young Adult literature. Eleanor and Park are both immensely relatable, quirky and sweet. From their first prickly exchange on the school bus through their tentative romance, you will be cheering them on with a fervent compassion that may surprise you. Not to be missed. Ages 12+
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